“User onboarding is the process of increasing the likelihood that new users become successful when adopting your product.” —Samuel Hulick, UserOnboard.com
What is user onboarding?
Onboarding is the process of guiding your new users through the steps of becoming successful users. It’s about making a great first impression that leaves your users satisfied and wanting more. But how do you go about achieving this?
3 methods of onboarding
There are several methods you can employ to onboard users. I will focus on the 3 methods that caught my interest:
- Walkthrough (AKA “Joyriding” by MK Cook)
- Learn by doing
- Concierge onboarding
1. Walkthrough (AKA “Joyriding” by MK Cook)
This method is about guiding your user through the features of a product and explaining the benefits of using it. Its purpose is to clear any doubt or confusion from the beginning. It can be executed in lots of different ways, and you should be careful that explaining text doesn’t get too boring or repetitive. You don’t want users to rush through the process without learning anything substantial.
Write your messages in a light, warm, and possibly funny way to maintain attention. But above all, keep it human! Give your users the impression that they're interacting with a living, breathing person instead of a cold machine. Note that this holds true for all methods and not only this one.
The tour module is included in Drupal Core, you can watch a YouTube tutorial about the tour module here.
2. Learn by doing
Let your users do what you want to teach them instead of telling them how it is supposed to be done. Create a demo project, for example. A project in which they can practice first without having to worry about doing it right. Guide them through the process so they learn how to do it on their own. This way users become more confident when actually producing something. This might take a little more effort from the user, but if it’s designed in an easygoing way, then users will enjoy it and learn more. Don’t worry if you think this would make your onboarding process too long. The solution is simple: split it up into multiple parts. Have an interactive checklist so users can start a tour whenever they feel like it. This is the process we will be using for Open Social.
3. Concierge onboarding
This process means taking time to get in contact with your users and helping them personally. This method is often used for paying subscribers instead of free end users. It has multiple benefits like forging a connection with your client, increasing conversion, and decreasing churn. For more detailed information, I recommend visiting Kevin DeWalt's blog on concierge onboarding. There you can also sign up for a free email course on this topic.
If you want to know more about onboarding in general, then ‘The Elements of User Onboarding’ by Samuel Hulick is a great primer.
After you’ve completed onboarding new users, you might still want them to do something or explain something to them. This is where continued onboarding comes in handy. When some users don’t use a certain feature, you probably want them to become aware of its existence. The reason they aren’t using it might be because they're unaware.
Another example is developing a new feature which you want all your users to know about it. They can also be used instead of messages like “You have 0 projects”. Replace this with a message how users can create a project and why they should do it. This is a helpful message that probably achieves more than just a cold fact.
Onboarding for Open Social
For Open Social, we wanted new users to complete their profile, learn how to create content, and know how they can find and join groups. This is important in order to transform a new user into a successful user. So we made a checklist of items that linked to the different parts of the onboarding tour. We empowered them to go through these steps. Users could quit any time they like and (re)start from where they ended before. This way nothing was skipped or got lost.
First, we decided which parts needed attention in the onboarding process and then chose a fitting method. Once we had roughly decided how the onboarding process would look like it was time to write the copy. The copy is the message you direct to the user. But how do you write persuasive copy?
How to write persuasive onboarding copy
Copywriting exists out of several parts. Think about the style you’re writing in, the title, the body copy, and the CTA (Call To Action).
When it comes to style, you have to think of what kind of personality you want to give your product. It’s easier to commit for users when the ‘personality’ of your product is friendly or funny instead of cold and heartless (although cold and heartless is also a personality). For example, mentioning "[This] is how you can find your friends” instead of “You have 0 friends”. Keep in mind, however, that the personality should match the purpose of the product.
A goofy personality that constantly makes lame jokes wouldn't do well for a product to manage your money (e.g. a bank). So here are 10 guidelines to stick to when writing copy.
10 Copywriting Guidelines
- Be clear and short: Make sure that nothing that can be misinterpreted.
- Use contractions: They’re not only conversational, but they also cut down on characters.
- Cut adjectives and adverbs: While they’re nice for color, verbs and nouns do a lot more work for you.
- Use words that make sense for everybody: Your entire target audience should be able to understand what it says. Use words that fit the context.
- Anticipate objections: Sometimes users won’t do what you want them to do because they are afraid of the consequences. So, defuse those concerns immediately by letting them know exactly what will happen.
- Read it out loud: Catch odd construction and mechanical phrasing (you want the copy to sound like any other normal person).
- Use the word “you”: This helps the reader become a part of the story.
Title and body
- The title should describe enough: You can be witty or funny with the title but as many users don’t read more than the title it should describe the page just enough so it can be understood without the rest of the copy.
- Body copy: Of course you can encourage users to read the body copy. Just keep it light and short, with simple subject-verb-object constructions. Also, keep it simple so you don’t alienate readers.
- CTA (call-to-action): Some people only look for the buttons they have to press. In order to make it clear to them, have the buttons explain what they’re going to do. Use verb-object-effect phrases and keep it as short as possible. For example “Click to create a topic”. It contains a verb (click), object (topic), and effect (creating it).
For more information about writing copy, check out How to Rock Product Copy on the Fly.
Always be testing!
After you’ve designed your onboarding process, TEST IT! Test before implementing it and keep testing it long after that. As the website changes, as your target group changes, as your popularity changes, keep testing and improving it. After all, you only know what works if you test it on real users. I recommend reading the book Rocket Surgery Made Easy: The Do-It-Yourself Guide to Finding and Fixing Usability Problems by Steve Krug for testing procedures.
I hope that I was able to teach you some new things and that you enjoyed reading this blog!
Contributing to Open Social or Drupal
So how to go about contributing to Open Social and/or Drupal in general? For Open Social, a good starting point is the Github Wiki. If you want a starting point for helping Drupal grow, then you can find many different ways on the 'ways to get involved'-page on Drupal.org.